HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) is the virus that causes AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome), a disease that infects and destroys the immune system.
HIV is considered to be the most serious problems in the world of health. Every year, is expected to have 8-10 million people infected with the disease, and more than 2 million people died because of it. However, figures for HIV/AIDS claimed to descend as much as 100,000 of the previous year, thanks to early diagnosis and proper treatment.
Up to now there are many myths and misconceptions about HIV/AIDS. Partially mythos even led to the public fear and despair. Here are some myths about HIV/AIDS.
Myth 1: HIV can be spread through casual contact
HIV can only be spread through blood contact or other body fluids, such as BREAST MILK, semen, and vaginal fluid. HIV is not transmitted through casual contact. Hugging, sharing eating utensils, using the same toilet, or when people with HIV who are coughing or sneezing cannot transmit the HIV virus.
In contrast, HIV can be spread because of sharing syringes; during pregnancy, childbirth, and breastfeeding; vaginal and anal intercourse, oral sex; as well as blood transfusions, tissue or organs.
Myth 2: Oral Sex is not able to tularkan HIV
Someone can become infected with HIV disease HIV/AIDS by performing oral sex between men or women. Sperm or vaginal fluids can carry the disease. The risk of HIV has increased in the case of open sores on the genitals or mouth, and gums bleed. Therefore, it is important to use a latex barrier (condom) during oral sex.
Myth 3: HIV is gay disease
Every vulnerable people affected by HIV, whether it's an adult, teen, man, woman, until the newborn. HIV is a disease that is related to an with a heterosexual contact.
Myth 4: Only adults who can be infected with HIV
Who are of age alone can be infected with HIV. Free sex and the use of syringes by drug users remains a major cause of transmission of this disease in young people.
Myth 5: mosquito bites of HIV
mosquitoes do not move the tularkan HIV blood fluid as she sucked the blood of the victims. Mosquitos only injects saliva which may carry diseases such as dengue fever and malaria. HIV/AIDS also does not reproduce on insects.
Myth 6: Women infected with HIV cannot have offspring
Percentage likelihood of a localisation if infected HIV women to pass on HIV to the unborn baby masihlah big, i.e. by 15 to 30 percent. However, this time with antiretroviral therapy, HIV from infecting level infected mother to child has dropped to about 2 to 3 percent.
Myth 7: HIV-positive person appears on a physical
Person can be infected with HIV/AIDS for over 10 years without showing any signs or symptoms of illness. Over the years, people feel good, able to work as normal and showed no signs of this disease. A blood test is still a great thing to know is whether or not advised of this disease on the body.
Myth 8: Condoms can ward off HIV
Using condoms properly before dealing is a protection that is good, but does not guarantee 100% free from HIV transmission. It is most effective with only masihlah related to official partner. For a list of pairs have been known to history clearly.
Myth 9: Contracting HIV means died
Despite the drug has not been found to effectively cure people with HIV/AIDS-positive, but they are exposed to still have a life expectancy and healthy life.